1.1 In the contemporary world leadership theories are regarded as the major school of thought process brought forward for the sake of explaining why and how few individuals become leaders. These peculiar theories stress and emphasize more on traits. Leadership is considered as that ability of a particular individual or a firm which guides different pupils towards the active fulfilment of their goal process (Harrison, 2017). As the current topic is stressed on the principles of leadership with more emphases being laid upon Nelson Mandela the South African leader it is to be pick pointed that the variety of information sources utilized in the work are extracted mainly from the secondary sources. The information was further gathered from various journal articles which majorly stressed upon commenting or analyzing the qualities of leader having special linkage to Nelson Mandela. Nevertheless, several political commentary websites also played a huge and a critical role in framing and shaping upon the entire project as analyzed previously. However, as far as the listening sources are considered numerous videos from the online OTT platforms were also minutely gauged to take key assistance for drafting the project work as required.
1.2 As per the information collected from different secondary sources the major authentic ones were taken into consideration after cross checking the source and reliability of the research work. Nevertheless, the details collected emphasized more upon the guidance provided and how the qualities of leadership assists in restoring confidence in an individual on an overall basis. In an organizational setting the managers that take up the role of leaders guide the efforts of their subordinates towards a sense of achievement strongly (Garba, 2020). Influencing the behavioral and working pattern the major principle of leadership effectively relies upon convincing qualities as well. As far as the research and information on Nelson Mandela is consideration after a minute research it was figured he was the sole and prominent individual who took the initiative of teaching the world about change. Furthermore, his teachings on passion, perseverance, expecting change to be difficult and forgiveness were worth the research time. One of the significant cues which was found relatable to Nelson Mandela’s wording and the distinct theories of leadership was: that solving an issue which really matters and alterations that are truly worthwhile are tough to discover (Mabrouk, 2018). This particular believing of Nelson Mandela is all the more required in the current dynamic world setting. The management theory of leadership further also believes in somewhat same principle via the system of rewards and penalties, prioritizing structure and order over creativity. However, when viewed practically it was figured that this quality is rare to be found in the present time work environment.
1.3 The plan for research on the chosen topic will solely be dependent upon the information gathered from the different secondary sources as a whole. To present a well detailed research structure that fills in the gap in literature along with presenting both sides of the issue. The research plan would solely stress upon collecting and analyzing the secondary data from different sources. Accordingly, the plan would be based upon allocating time on researching the various secondary sources of information such as: dissertations, bibliographies, old organizational and government records to know more about the strategies and work process of Nelson Mandela. All the same, to figure out the minute scrapes newspaper editorials and opinion pieces would also be taken into consideration to know about the pros and cons of both sides. Similarly, towards the end after each and every information is gathered specific time would be allocated for the process of crosschecking and final shaping up of the research work.
1.4 The following paragraph is a researched and a paraphrased piece of research on the chosen topic of leadership:
The theories in leadership throw a major light on the rapid evolution of thought process and the developmental thinking procedure ranging from one dimension of the leadership quality to another. Each principle and theory of leadership critically outlines some or the other aspects of outcoming the other. The different theories of leadership such as trait, situational, management, behavioral and transformational all maximize the strengths and weaknesses of leaders working across the globe (Holmes 2021). The legacy of one of the most iconic leaders Nelson Mandela till date lives in the nation of the universal community that find hope and inspiration from the way he lived his life that taught the world endless qualities of a good leader.
2.1 Educational parameters can turn out to be challenging at any age. However, those who try to enhance and uplift themselves will probably be spending more of their time in overcoming their weaknesses which they come across while performing poorly in their academic field (Sala, 2017). All the same, when it comes down to my own academic skills, I believe my greatest strength is that I am a good listener, spending years in school I realized that no matter how much distracted I ever have been due to the outer environment, whenever my teacher spoke something important, I paid attention to listen. My listening skills always segregated me apart from my class mates and friends who could never distract my focus from the class. Nevertheless, my creativity, my writing skills and my way of speaking always worked towards topping it all along with making me a capable student who always took the initiative of doing something creative. In absolute contrast I also believe that a peculiar quality which acts as my weakness is my ability to think critically. This is the area I have always lagged behind significantly even after being pushed through so much. Whenever I found a subject complex having several different definitions I always automatically made it a point to skip through the same without ever understanding the minute basis of it. However, with the passing time I have made it my own point to mitigate such qualities via becoming more self-aware as an individual.
2.2 A primary research in the most generic sense is any type of research which a research collects himself (Levitt, 2018). For the sake of conducting primary research for a general dissertation or project work, the researcher needs to be following the below mentioned procedures:
-At first, the researcher needs to identify the type of data. The data utilized in primary research work is often referred as the real time data that has solely been collection for the completion of the project work.
-Secondly the researcher needs to decide on the research methodology to be specific. Namely there are two types of research methodologies: Qualitative and Quantitative (Stokes, 2017). Each methodology has its own nature and characteristics which can be utilized for reaching the final conclusion. However, the researcher might also choose mixed research method that is a combination of both qualitative and quantitative methods.
-Thirdly the researcher requires to be aware of own strengths and weaknesses of the chosen methodology. For instance, this research work solely relied on the qualitative methodology of analyzing the secondary data. The major strengths of such a research work are that it lets a researcher explore the topic to the minutest detail. Still, there are a lot of things which cannot be explored via secondary data such as: generalizing the findings or investigating on a typical particular group.
-Fourthly the researcher needs to select a particular qualitative methodology of conducting the research work such as: observation, interview or focus groups and so on (Chu, 2017).
-Fifthly the researcher requires to select measures of measuring the outcomes of research methodology with valid conclusions.
-Sixthly the researcher needs to pick point the method of analyses. However, in qualitative analysis a complex procedure is never required. Generally, a method of coding and finding the themes in the data summarizes the work.
-Seventhly the researcher requires to understand the procedures for being detailed and straightforward in the entire research work as a whole.
2.3 Secondary research mainly revolves around the practice of conducting research via utilizing the already existing data (Queirós, 2017). Such research work majorly includes materials that are published in documents and research reports. For conducting secondary research work the research can follow the below mentioned procedures:
-Identifying the research topic and the areas to collect valid information from
-Gathering the existing data in a specified time period
-Comparing the data from different sources along with crosschecking its authenticity.
-Analyzing the data for reaching on valid and reliable conclusions
2.4 The best practices in primary research work are as follows:
-Taking an in-depth survey via setting a preplanned questionnaire sheet that addresses the clear insight a researcher aims to throw a light upon. For instance, to know about the satisfaction parameters of a certain rule implementation in an organization, the research must ask an array of questions on that rule for gaining minute insights.
-Arranging the survey questionnaire sheet in a follow up matter.
The best practices in secondary research work are as follows:
-Assessing and drafting the research questions, the research is willing to answer
-Setting the clear-cut objectives which as soon as they are achieved would be providing an answer to the information that resolves the issue existing (if any)
-Knowing and analyzing the place to look for answers such as: public libraries, or even old organizational records (Drawson, 2017).
-The researcher should also take the initiative of considering how he/she is conducting the research along with asking repetitive questions (if required) to reach on reliable conclusions.
3.1 The academic work relying on the professional standards are as follows:
In the contemporary world, the leadership principles are an array of guiding believes and actions that in the existing times the leaders operating across the world hold the capability of implementing actions to move forward with success. The deemed principles and theories of leadership act as a framework of actions which one can take as a leader for the sake of inspiring others to come forward and thereby work together towards a framed and a praiseworthy mutual goal and a foundation of success. All in all, leadership is a peculiar art that mandates a leader to set his/her ego aside for accepting specific responsibilities of failure, weaknesses and attacks. The different leadership theories emphasizing upon the characteristics of leaders also highlight that a leader is known for triggering success irrespective of taking the credibility of the same on his/her name. End to end parameters of effectiveness and efficiency also uplifts the exponential and high-performance ability of a leader on the final work grounds. The theories on the same also highlight that the leaders must own the capability of pulling different elements together for supporting one another in a collaborate manner.
3.2 My tutor crosschecked the aforementioned draft work for assisting me to shape up my research work in a more professional manner. As per the analysis of my tutor, the teacher advised me to use professional words more elaborately in my context besides following the tactic of ‘using bold and italics font’ for the words I think are crucial in a sentence. Next, my tutor even asked me to utilize examples from the contemporary space in order to show my knowledge in the area more elaborately. For instance, I was asked to take up Nelson Mandela as a chosen leader and thereby indulge in relating his practices with the leadership theories along with highlighting how effective he was as a leader. Furthermore, my tutor also asked me to use correct references where ever required to back up the claims made by me in the research and for the sake of giving my research a much more authentic outlook. I believe the suggestions granted to me from my tutor’s end assisted me in understanding and analyzing my drawbacks elaborately which I am going to implement in my research for winning the trust of my future readers.
3.3 In the contemporary world, the leadership principles are an array of guiding believes and actions that in the existing times are utilized by leaders operating across the world. Leaders hold the capability of implementing actions to move forward with success (Alayoubi, 2020). The remarkable principles and theories of leadership act as a framework of strategies which one can take as a leader for the sake of inspiring others to come forward and work together towards a framed and a praiseworthy mutual goal. All in all, leadership is a peculiar art that mandates a leader to set his/her ego aside for accepting specific responsibilities of failure, weaknesses and attacks (Salovaara, 2018). The different leadership theories emphasizing upon the characteristics of leaders also depict that a leader is known for triggering success irrespective of taking the credibility of achievement on his/her name. End to end parameters of effectiveness and efficiency also uplifts the exponential and high-performance ability of a leader on the final work grounds. The theories of leadership even add that leaders must have the capability of pulling different elements together for supporting one another in a collaborative manner. As a commendable leader the South African president Nelson Mandela has been known for demonstrating the remarkable qualities of leader on work grounds. The president’s staunch efforts that were taken on his part against racism and social injustice effectively radiated way beyond the African continent (Chasi, 2017). Till date the president is regarded as one of the most global icons for outlining that hatred cannot be overcome by hatred but only my empathy. Nelson Mandela is remembered for never taking full on credits on his achievements besides showcasing the world the correct pathway towards change and transformation.
3.4 As per the comments received from my tutor, the aforementioned research has been reviewed accordingly to fit and suit the requirements of the teacher. Accordingly, correct academic sources and references has been added to support and back up the claims of statements utilized in the context. This method serves majorly to give the research work a much authentic outlook on the final grounds. All the same, the tactics of ‘bold, italicizing the important terms has also been followed to appear significant in the eyes of the reader. The example of Nelson Mandela and the strategies adopted by him has also been added to round up the research work as per the comments received from the tutor. Nevertheless, the research work would also be refined more elaborately if the tutor finds there are still more adjustments required to suit the needs of professional academic writing.
4.1 Academic progress is crucial for the development and success of young adolescents in the society. Students who hold the history of performing well in schools are capable of making transition into their adulthood periods for achieving occupational and economic success (Goldrich Eskow, 2018). As far as my own academic skills are concerned, I strongly believe that this particular research work granted me the opportunity of levelling up my own skills greatly. As a student, I believe I always kept myself quite alien to the concept of wider reading. Though I have always loved reading story books as a kid yet when it came to research work, I believe I have always skipped through the method of wider reading. Withal, I feel this research work was needed for me as not only did I engage in wider reading to research on valid conclusion but I also learnt the importance of online learning and revision. Relaying typically on secondary research data base, I believe my process of scan throughs and cross checking uplifted my patience related to wider reading quite significantly. Though I had fruitful time period while learning about the different aspects and coins of the topic, yet I believe that these academic skills which I gained from this research work would also greatly assist me on my employment grounds in near future.
4.2 Being a student of this university, I have also known the method of using in text citations and bibliography in a research paper. However, little did I ever know about its importance which I happened to learn as I was processing further with my research work. My tutor’s feedback assisted me greatly in using in text citations and bibliography at the correct places. On an overall basis, I believe that this methodology not only protected me from any sort of plagiarism but also gave my research work its due source of credibility and authenticity along with highlighting my efforts of wider reading.
4.3 Future improvements and enhancements are exceptionally crucial on the academic grounds not only to score good but also to become a betterment version of ourselves (Kickert, 2020). As for my future improvements I believe I would significantly work upon my reading levels to enhance my knowledge on different subjects. As mentioned, I have always been a good listener yet when it came down to reading, I believe I was somewhere lagging behind. To work and uplift the same, I would significantly take the initiative of reading different journals to enhance my patience levels along with my creativity to research on different topics in near future.
4.4 Academic feedback is crucial for uplifting a student’s confidence and enthusiasm on the educational parameters (Gustems-Carnicer, 2020). As far as academic feedback to peers is concerned, I believe my feedback to them would be take the initiative of developing new theories and principles which matches the requirements of the current world. Though the good old theories till date finds its genesis even in the contemporary times, yet I believe the development of new theories and principles is exceptionally required to find the approaches of explanatory and predictive power.
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