Market Segment and Decision Making on Apple company Assignment Sample

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Competition in UK smartphone will escalate more and the cited company will have to focus on innovation. Successful economies would be able to survive in the tough competition and sustain  their growth for a long period. Most conspicuously, delivering what consumer desire will result in the company's good turn. Prices of smartphone have fallen as the technology has become standardised. In developed market, the consumers are becoming more price conscious and a bit less brand sensitive. Worldwide growth in smartphone sales is beginning to decline and there are signs of market saturation in developed markets, however good growth has been found in developing  and emerging economies. Consumer demands have been arising for smartphones which can surf the web and aids in a series of multimedia functions (Siegert Gerth and Rademacher,  2011). Companies like Apple have been increasingly successful in providing products that are in accordance with the needs of the consumers. This in turn has led to an oversize demand from consumers all over the world. Customers are gaining benefits of the quick improvement in standard technology . Affordability is the main factor so unsurprisingly the smartphone is a rarity. Smartphone are becoming increasingly famous with many manufacturer looking to move in the market (Finisterra Paco and Raposo, 2010).

3. Outline and Examining the Major Market Segments for Apple Company

The Apple company has been a brand in market which attracts a large number of people towards its various products. The major and primarily used brand that has created a much hype in market is its smartphone series. The company has launched its latest series of i phone 7 and i phone 7plus which was launched in September 2016. The smartphone of this series has many functions with enhanced features of better camera quality, water resistant and so on (Akehurst Afonso  and Martins Gonçalves, 2012). The said company use to segment its target market on various basis which are as follows:

  • Demographic segment: The mentioned firm use to classify its customers into two segments in this criteria. One segment includes all those customers who belong to high level of income groups and brand loyal clients for company. They are big fans of the brand and use to purchase various other products of organisation as well like ipod, macintosh, mc book pro, ipad etc. They become very much use to of all the products of said company due to which they always prefer the brand (Chen and Wang, 2010). Further, they become aware of all features and become comfortable with it because of which all such brand loyal customers are ready to pay higher price of the product. The another segment in this classification belongs to middle to high class income group people who are able to purchase new products came in market. The number of such consumers are more and also prefer to purchase products that can give high quality.
  • Behavioural: The next segment for mentioned company is based on social acceptance oriented ones. In this segment, those customers are included who are mostly style and status conscious. It is apparent that the products of Apple company are mostly very expensive ones which cannot be afforded by lower level of income groups. Hence, rich class people use to purchase the products of this company so that they can maintain their social status in society. They feel that this purchasing attitude will differentiate them among others and also gives them confidence (Ingram,LaForge and et. al.,).

The target market for Apple company can be divided into two types which are primary sand secondary segments for targeting customers. In primary target market mostly those people will be targeted who are fond of latest techniques and prefer branded products. They can be termed as premium target markets as well (Jin Gam, 2011). Further, on secondary basis target markets will be youth who purchase more of gadgets that are latest and provide number of features to use it as a style or fashion. In both of these segments, customers with high to middle level of income can be included who are mostly interested in latest techniques.

4. Discuss the Level of Involvement of Apple Company Primary Segment

As per the segmentation of market, the primary target market for Apple are those who are brand loyal or generally prefer to purchase the branded products. Besides this, the customers of this segment usually prefer to have high features as well in the products purchased. In such conditions, the decisions of said company will be highly affected. As these are the primary segments for organisation, the involvement of such consumers also enhances (Famularo Bruwer and   2010). Further, in such situations, the organisation will have to focus more towards providing better features than competitive companies. It is also necessary for the organisation to be innovative and creative while producing any new products. With this objective, the research and development team of mentioned firm use to have a market study to collect more information on customer's demands and needs. This is a necessary part of cited enterprise as this makes a base for company to make a decision for launching a new series as per the needs of clients. Besides this, the management of firm primarily focuses on several questions while deciding about new products to be introduced (Böttcher, 2013). They use to focus on type of product company intend to launch on the basis of market survey done by research department for assessing needs and trends in market. On this basis, they decide the segment towards which more focus will be laid to target customers. As per this decision, products will be launched in market and various marketing efforts will be planned.  The mentioned company believes that positioning of products play a vital role in success of brand. Because of this reason, most of the products are made available by Apple in its official retail stores and malls. This provided them to have a direct contact with customers and they easily identify their needs and demands. This information is then used by top level managers in deciding about new product's planning (Johnson, Ringham and Jurd, 2013). For instance, recently the mentioned organisation has come up with a new innovation by introducing wireless headphones. This innovation was done by said firm due to correct analysis of market and identifying needs of consumers. Because of this, the mentioned firm has always been on top position in smartphone industries and all other markets. The quoted entity is able to identify in correct way the needs of consumers because of which it has been able to successfully sell its products on higher costs as well (Solomon, 2014). Moreover, the mentioned company has also proved that by focusing more on customer's needs and demands organisation can attain large number of customers. Besides this, it also helps in giving better outcomes by making more brand loyal customers.

5. Creating a Positioning Map for the Market Place by Considering Primary Segment, its Level of Involvement and the Competition

The present positioning map of apple iphone shows its prsence in high price and high quality market. As per the figure it is also evident that there are competitors of mentioned comapny who are Samsung and Windows phone. This shows that cited firm is operating in highly competitive environemnet as rival firms are also positioned at same place. It has ficussed on primary level of segment which refers to customers who prefer branded products with high quality features. For such consumers, price is a regardless factor because of which the company has also laid emphasis on innovation and qulaity (Bush and Hunt, 2011). This has made the position of qupoted enterprise different and higher than rival firms. Besides this, LG phone is also shown in this figure which is placed in low quality and low price segment. Therefore, Apple needs to continue with its present strategy of conducting market studies for making decisions and involve primaruy segment of target customers in the same process. With this, the company will be able to compete against the rival firms as well as maintaining its customer base. In addition, the company can also focus on next level of segment where target customers are generally youth who use to take interests in latest gadgets. They prefer to have these phones so that they can keep themselves updated. The reputation of the cited company as a leader in the smartphone market has begin to slip as rivals such as Samsung, Sony eyc. Has become more steadily more impresive as solid iphone competitors have introduced. The world of smartphone is a rapidly growing industry which sees a new gadget to be launched every year. Apple's smartphone series is branded to be the ultimate competition. Apart from the rival states above the new entrants like Xioami and Gionee are able of giving tough competition (Eun Park and Xin Zhou, 2010). The samsung galaxy's performance is touted to be at its best inspiteof the stuiff competition. It knows the mindset of its consumers and performs in accordance with it. Sony is also in the race. It is seriously focusing on its hardware performance to move forward in the ranks. The HTC one M9 is having the latest hardware and software  whcih is surely giving a tough competition to Apple. XIAOMI MI5 is dust proof as well as waterproof. Currenty it is under manufacturing stage, it is cheaply prices to attract the attention of the customers (Scott and Dey, 2012). 

Conclusion

The present report has focussed on market segmentation of Apple iPhones and also on decision making strategy of said company. The report has concluded that the mentioned organisation use to primarily focus on customers who are more conscious towards brand and quality of products. On this basis, cited venture use to launch its various products that are based on consumer's needs and demands. Besides this, their major focus is laid on maintaining quality in phones and providing enhanced features as well. Because of this strategy, the company is able to make large number of customers beside the availability of phones on higher rates than competitor firms of same industry.

Refrences

Books and Journals

Akehurst, G., Afonso, C. and Martins Gonçalves, H., 2012. Re-examining green purchase behaviour and the green consumer profile: new evidences. Management Decision.50(5). pp.972-988.

Arunotayanun, K. and Polak, J.W., 2011. Taste heterogeneity and market segmentation in freight shippers’ mode choice behaviour. Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review. 47(2). pp.138-148.

Böttcher, R., 2013. Global Network Management: Context—Decision-making—Coordination. Springer-Verlag.

Bush, R.F. and Hunt, S.D., 2011. Marketing theory: philosophy of science perspectives. Marketing Classics Press.

Carlsson, C. and Fuller, R., 2012. Fuzzy reasoning in decision making and optimization (Vol. 82). Physica.

Chen, M.K. and Wang, S.C., 2010. The critical factors of success for information service industry in developing international market: Using analytic hierarchy process (AHP) approach. Expert Systems with Applications. 37(1). pp.694-704.

Eun Park, J., Yu, J. and Xin Zhou, J., 2010. Consumer innovativeness and shopping styles. Journal of Consumer Marketing. 27(5). pp.437-446.

Famularo, B., Bruwer, J. and Li, E., 2010. Region of origin as choice factor: wine knowledge and wine tourism involvement influence. International Journal of Wine Business Research. 22(4).pp.362-385.

Finisterra do Paco, A.M. and Raposo, M.L.B., 2010. Green consumer market segmentation: empirical findings from Portugal. International Journal of Consumer Studies. 34(4). pp.429-436.

Hollensen, S., 2015. Marketing management: A relationship approach. Pearson Education.

Ingram, T.N., LaForge, R.W., Avila, R.A., Schwepker Jr, C.H. and Williams, M.R., 2012. Sales management: Analysis and decision making. ME Sharpe..

Jin Gam, H., 2011. Are fashion-conscious consumers more likely to adopt eco-friendly clothing?. Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management: An International Journal. 15(2). pp.178-193.

Johnson, L.W., Ringham, L. and Jurd, K., 2013. Behavioural segmentation in the Australian wine market using conjoint choice analysis. International Journal of Wine Marketing.

Kantarelis, D., 2010. Theories of the firm. Inderscience Enterprises.

Scott, J.A., Ho, W. and Dey, P.K., 2012. A review of multi-criteria decision-making methods for bioenergy systems. Energy. 42(1). pp.146-156.

Siegert, G., Gerth, M.A. and Rademacher, P., 2011. Brand identity-driven decision making by journalists and media managers—The MBAC model as a theoretical framework. The International Journal on Media Management. 13(1). pp.53-70.

Solomon, M.R., 2014. Consumer behavior: Buying, having, and being. Engelwood Cliffs, NJ: prentice Hall.

Wedel, M. and Kamakura, W.A., 2012. Market segmentation: Conceptual and methodological foundations (Vol. 8). Springer Science & Business Media.

 

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