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Introduction of Public Health and Wellness Assignment Sample

Introduction Of Public Health And Wellness

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Outlining the intervention

  • The pandemic outbreak has pointed out several aspects of human negligence towards health.
  • Major human loss was the motivation behind vaccines' rapid invention and production.
  • The Australian government initiated the vaccination program on Feb 21, 2021(cars, 2022).
  • Separate groups assessing the resource and strategy for vaccination is formed.

The pandemic outbreak is the most important factor that has marked human negligence to some extent towards health. The rapid spreading of the virus was the reason behind the huge involvement of researchers in vaccine development. Human life was the utmost priority, and vaccination initiation in Australia began on February 21, 2021.

image of intervention of vaccination program

Figure 1: intervention of vaccination programme

(Source: vaccine-safety-training, 2022)

Outlining of the intervention (Contd…)

  • Fast vaccination is the main objective.
  • Pop-up covid-19 vaccines will be included, which will continue throughout the march.
  • Pfizer vaccine clinics are serving such services (cars, 2022).
  • Walk-in vaccination is also introduced for the first, second and booster dose of the vaccine.
  • Certain vaccines for children who aged between five to eleven are also registered.
  • Priority-based vaccination is applied from the initial stages.

Rapid vaccination was the reason behind the increasing engagement of health staff in different training programs. Initially, vaccination through registration was allowed, and then other facilities such as walk-in vaccination without registration for any age group were made available.

image of Implementation of the vaccination program

Figure 2: Implementation of the vaccination program

(Source: Thomson et al. 2015)

Outlining of the intervention (Contd…)

  • Phrase wise division of vaccination program according to the priority.
  • Front health workers elderly adults were the priority.
  • Pfizer vaccine is made applicable for five to eleven years old citizens.
  • 1% of the above 12 are fully vaccinated (McCauley et al. 2022).
  • 1% of eligible citizens got the booster dose (McCauley et al. 2022).
  • Prescribed mandatory courses for individuals related to vaccine administration.

The vaccination program of the Australian government was well constructed as different aspects were to be regarded. Priority wise division was made for methodic improvement. Vaccination for the children was also applicable. The Pfizer vaccine was the vaccine for the children. Apart from the vaccination, individuals related to the vaccine administrative program are facilitated with free, mandatory training programs.

image of Acceptance of vaccination program

Figure 3: Acceptance of vaccination program

(Source: Thomson et al. 2015)

Positive growth or success of the health intervention

  • The vaccination program was initiated in February 2022.
  • Apart from the Pfizer vaccine, several other vaccination doses are also introduced.
  • AstraZeneca vaccine, the Moderna vaccine, was among the most acknowledged vaccines in Australia (Dyer, 2021).
  • The availability of vaccines was marked through the recognition of global vaccines.
  • One hundred twenty-five million input of Pfizer vaccine was noted and is in use (Choiseul et al. 2021).
  • Decreased cases during a wave have reflected the efficiency of vaccination.

A structured approach for vaccination was the reason behind the rapid coverage of vaccination among the citizens. The daily vaccination rate increased to twelve thousand in the year 2021. The Pfizer vaccine was initiated in February of the same year, whereas the AstraZeneca vaccine was included after a month.

image of Positive growth of the vaccination program

Figure 4: Positive growth of the vaccination program

(Source: Tregoning et al. 2021)

The negative effect or failures of public intervention

  • Lack of an adequate number of vaccines at the initial level.
  • Further preparation for upcoming waves of Covid-19.
  • Shortage in demand and supply chain with the emergence of new variants.
  • Australia is recorded to have a half-million surge in omicron infections.
  • Sudden large degradation of the health scenario of Australia creates demand for further improvement in the vaccination movement.
  • Less control of newly emerged variants through previous vaccines.

The vaccination programme was successful; more than half of the population above twelve is vaccinated. However, the unpredictable emergence of several waves of Covid-19 has shaken the whole health infrastructure. Inability to complete the target within communicated time was the adverse side of this health intervention. However, though most of the population is fully vaccinated, the efficiency is noted to decrease in battling with the variant.

image of Negative effect of the vaccination program

Figure 5: Negative effect of the vaccination program

(Source: Wouters et al. 2021)

Further improvement to negative effects

  • The vaccination side effects are to be considered at this stage.
  • Insurance of adequate availability of vaccines within the given period.
  • 2387 deaths are recorded due to omicron despite strict border policy and internal safety measure policy intake (McCauley et al. 2022).
  • The omicron has created several challenges, especially in the supply of medical necessaries.

There are several aspects which are further to be considered for the development. However, mandatory isolation time is recommended to restore to stop the spreading of omicrons. The decreased number of dead people signifies the positive effect of the vaccine. Internal restrictions are recommended to be released with measured freedom of social interaction.

image of future improvement for the vaccination program

Figure 6: future improvement for the vaccination program

(Source: Forman et al. 2021)

References

Andreadakis, Z., Kumar, A., Román, R. G., Tollefsen, S., Saville, M., & Mayhew, S. (2020). The COVID-19 vaccine development landscape. Nat. Rev. Drug Discov19, 305-306. Retrieved on 2nd March 2022 from: https://www1.cgmh.org.tw/library_s/2020/paper/P-0428%20The%20COVID-19%20vaccine%20development%20landscape.pdf

Brennan, O. C., Moore, J. E., Moore, P. J., & Millar, B. C. (2021). Vaccination terminology: A revised glossary of key terms including lay person’s definitions. Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics. Retrieved on 2nd March 2022 from: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/jcpt.13516

Choiseul, J. C., Emmerson, P. J., Eslanloo Pereira, T., Hosseinalipour, S. M., &Hasselgård-Rowe, J. (2021). What Can Be Learned from the Early Stages of the COVID-19 Vaccination Rollout in Australia: A Case Study. Epidemiologia2(4), 587-607. Retrieved on 3rd March 2022 from: https://www.mdpi.com/2673-3986/2/4/40/pdf

Dyer, O. (2021). Covid-19: Australian outbreak surges as New Zealand sees first domestic cases in six months. BMJ: British Medical Journal (Online)374. Retrieved on 3rd March 2022 from: https://scholar.archive.org/work/nim5ecd4ebazvb7agczrhb7ke4/access/wayback/https://www.bmj.com/content/bmj/374/bmj.n2050.full.pdf

Forman, R., Shah, S., Jeurissen, P., Jit, M., &Mossialos, E. (2021). COVID-19 vaccine challenges: What have we learned so far and what remains to be done?. Health Policy125(5), 553-567. Retrieved on 3rd March 2022 from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168851021000853

Kaufman, J., Bagot, K. L., Tuckerman, J., Biezen, R., Oliver, J., Jos, C., ... &Danchin, M. (2021). Qualitative exploration of intentions, concerns and information needs of vaccine?hesitant adults initially prioritised to receive COVID?19 vaccines in Australia. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. Retrieved on 3rd March 2022 from: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/1753-6405.13184

Le, T. T., Andreadakis, Z., Kumar, A., Román, R. G., Tollefsen, S., Saville, M., & Mayhew, S. (2020). The COVID-19 vaccine development landscape. Nat Rev Drug Discov19(5), 305-306. Retrieved on 3rd March 2022 from: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Tung-Le-10/publication/340535627_The_COVID-19_vaccine_development_landscape/links/5ead65c5a6fdcc7050a1c089/The-COVID-19-vaccine-development-landscape.pdf

McCauley, J., Barr, I. G., Nolan, T., Tsai, T., Rockman, S., & Taylor, B. (2022). The importance of influenza vaccination during the COVID?19 pandemic. Influenza and other respiratory viruses16(1), 3-6. Retrieved on 3rd March 2022 from: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/irv.12917

NCRIS, (2022, Mar 14), COVID-19 Vaccination programme in Australia[online], Retrieved on 3rd March 2022 from: https://www.ncirs.org.au/covid-19/covid-19-vaccination-program-australia#:~:text=The%20Australian%20Government%20COVID%2D19,date%20with%20the%20latest%20information., [Viewed on: 14/03/2022]

Tregoning, J. S., Flight, K. E., Higham, S. L., Wang, Z., & Pierce, B. F. (2021). Progress of the COVID-19 vaccine effort: viruses, vaccines and variants versus efficacy, effectiveness and escape. Nature Reviews Immunology21(10), 626-636. Retrieved on 3rd March 2022 from: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41577-021-00592-1

Wouters, O. J., Shadlen, K. C., Salcher-Konrad, M., Pollard, A. J., Larson, H. J., Teerawattananon, Y., & Jit, M. (2021). Challenges in ensuring global access to COVID-19 vaccines: production, affordability, allocation, and deployment. The Lancet397(10278), 1023-1034. Retrieved on 3rd March 2022 from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7906643/

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