Ethics can be described as branch of philosophy which includes systematization, defending and recommending concepts of right and wrong. These factors are very important as they facilitate to render information for doing correct things and avoid wring aspects in personal as well as professional human lives. This report will discussed about satisfying basic needs of human beings by following ethical norms (Naidoo, 2012). Such rules are helpful in improving decision making for gaining long term benefits. Ethics works as supporting element to make an individual good and do correct things. In respect of dentistry, it is mandatory to render correct treatment services along with right behaviour with patient.
Codes of ethics :- There are various kinds of health profession which have their own ethical rules and norms according to that they are performing their task of providing correct treatment. In respect of oral health profession, they holds unique position of trust in whole society. Various dental practitioner which are not easy to afford for every citizens and they are usually not available for common people due to high fee. In this context, this profession prepare as commitment to society that its members will adhere to high ethical standards of conduct. Some of desired objectives of oral health profession are given below:
They have a goal to promote, represent and enhance this profession of oral health at several levels like state, national and global one.
It is target to provide better quality of services of treatment for any kind of oral problem of citizens.
It is essential to improve art and science of dentistry through carrying out effective as well as efficient research and development in oral health (Karampourian, Imani and Torkzaban, 2013).
They have to build liaison between several other associations or allied health organisations for betterment of treatment aspects which are provided to dental patients.
It is required to focus on improvement to develop this profession through continuously educating procedures including scientific information and techniques to meet high standards of care.
They should maintain high ethical levels and representing the interest of members of oral health.
The above mentioned ethics are mandatory to be followed by various oral professionals while treating any patient to render an appropriate service so that they an get rid off such problems. These are some of codes which are helpful to make accurate decisions by dental professionals to enhance quality of diagnosing any disease relevant to mouth (Rai and Kaur, 2013).
Bioethics principles :- It refers to deal with ethical implications of biological research and applications in disciplined manner specially in medical field. It can be simply described as those facts which facilitate correct performing tasks while dealing with or taking care of people and other living beings surviving on earth. Bioethics deals study of right and wrong in fresh inventions or techniques in biology like genetic engineering along with transplantation of organs.
Principle of respect for autonomy:- This can be defined as the criteria of respecting an individual's own values, rights and beliefs by dental professionals while treating their oral problems. There are several types of decision making should be done by dentists at the time of medication and they have to pay respect to autonomous persons, physically disabled individual. People can make enquiry about whatever thing are going on with them and dental practitioners are required to provide appropriate reasons behind treatments activities along with benefits to render satisfaction in minds of patients.
Principle of non-maleficence:- This principle basically states that, medical professionals does not create an intentionally harm or injury to patient. It is described as to avoid certain aspect which may cause harm to any person. It is necessary for dental practitioners should not hurt clients in any means because they have target to solve oral health issues of patient by providing suitable treatment to them (Sz and et. al., 2013). It is possible that certain medicines or therapies have their side effects on human body then it is mandatory to provide other antibiotics to reduce negative impacts.
Principle of beneficence:- It includes to take positive steps for treating any patients to render accurate help to solve their problems. The principle of beneficence states to render profitable support and remove harm from person. They have to make sure about maintaining benefits of treatment against risks and costs in health care profession. It includes the principle which is at heart of health care implying that a suffering supplicant can enter into a relationship with one whom society has licensed as competent to provide medical care, trusting that physician’s chief objective is to help.
Principle of justice:- There are various kinds of benefits which are provided by health professionals to patients along with risks should be distributed amongst different types of people. It refers to these rules and norms which states that equal benefits must provided by any mental practitioner to each and every patient treating by that single professional. They are required to behave impartial and put all appropriate efforts in correct way to solve issue of oral health (Tiller, 2011). A patient should gain an equal share as per requirement of an individual along with appropriate efforts and contribution of dentists.
Dentist patient relationship :- The term dentist patient relationship is based on several factors such as trust, honesty and respect which is really helpful conduct an appropriate treatment of desired oral health issue. An effective relation helps dental practitioner to understand problem more properly through efficient cooperation of patient. It is essential to make them feel free and behave normal which make them morally strong. And in medical profession, will power of an individual is very important to make a person healthy through medication. Dental professionals do not follow difficult procedure to just get money but they have to be honest and fair to patient and render correct treatment.
According to health practitioner regulation national law act 2009 it has been identified that around 14 national boards are falls under this act. Their main objective is to promote health promotion across the societal place in order to minimize the chances of fraudulent activities.
The above report had concluded that ethics can be described as branch of philosophy which includes systematization, defending and recommending concepts of right and wrong. There are various kinds of health profession which have their own ethical rules and norms according to that they are performing their task of providing correct treatment. Bioethics are those facts which facilitate correct performing tasks while dealing with or taking care of people and other living beings surviving on earth.
Books and journals
Gawor, J., 2010. Myths and ethics in small animal dentistry. European Journal of Companion Animal Practice, 20(3), pp.265-272.
Graskemper, J.P., 2011. Affordable care and evidence-based dentistry. The Journal of the American Dental Association, 142(9), pp.1002-1003.
Kadane, J.B. ed., 2011. Bayesian methods and ethics in a clinical trial design (Vol. 771). John Wiley & Sons.
Karampourian, A., Imani, B. and Torkzaban, P., 2013. The Attitude of Faculty Members Towards Professional Ethics at Hamadan University School of Dentistry. Journal of Research in Dental Sciences. 10(1).
Levering, N.J. and Welie, J.V., 2010. Ethical considerations in the use of nitrous oxide in pediatric dentistry. The Journal of the American College of Dentists, 77(2), pp.40-47.
Naidoo, S., 2012. Dental ethics case 23: the ethics of advertising in dentistry: dental ethics. South African Dental Journal, 67(6), pp.284-286.
Oliveira, M.G.D and et. al., 2010. Histological evaluation of the effect of low-level laser on distraction osteogenesis in rabbit mandibles.
Rai, B. and Kaur, J., 2013. Dental Jurisprudence and Ethics. In Evidence-Based Forensic Dentistry (pp. 185-188). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Sz, T. and et. al., 2013. Investigation of the Awareness of the Students of Shiraz Dental School Concerning the Patients' Rights and the Principles of Ethics in Dentistry. Journal of Dentistry (17283426). 14(1).
Tiller, C., 2011. Dentistry and ethics by the road less traveled. The Journal of the American College of Dentists. 78(3). pp.11-13.
Harris Jr, C.E., Pritchard, M.S., Rabins, M.J., James, R. and Englehardt, E., 2013. Engineering ethics: Concepts and cases. Cengage Learning.
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